During the Revolution, the National Convention voted to abolish slavery in February 1794, months after the rebelling slaves had already announced the abolition of slavery in Saint-Domingue. 16, Antilles - Guyane on Discogs. Consultez le site : www.franceguyane.fr Rédaction : 0594297010 , French Guiana has been impacted severely by the COVID-19 outbreak, with more than 1% of French Guianese testing positive by the end of June 2020.. Discover the Air France universe: purchase a ticket, visit our corporate website, and gain access to all AIR FRANCE KLM Group sites. Charrière stated that all events in the book are truthful and accurate, allowing for minor lapses in memory. Slavery was abolished in the colonies at the time of the French Revolution. The military there is currently 1,900 strong, expected to increase enrollment in 2014–2015.. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. Le dépaysement est assuré dans la vieille ville ou devant les étals du marché de la place Victor Schœlcher. Guyane Française, un morceau de France en Amérique latine. 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests, a large part of which is primeval rainforest. Its president is Rodolphe Alexandre.  The coastal environment along the N1 has historically experienced the most changes, but development is occurring locally along the N2, and also in western French Guiana due to gold mining. Guyane française Route vers Saint Laurent du Maroni, Gopro / French Guiana Road to Saint Laurent - Duration: 22 ... Carnets de vol spécial Kourou (volet 2) - Duration: 26:01. French Guiana is home to many different ecosystems: tropical rainforests, coastal mangroves, savannahs, inselbergs and many types of wetlands. This latter constituency is the largest in the French Republic by land area.  March 28, 2017 was the day of the largest demonstration ever held in French Guiana. Sécurité & Confidentialité. In 1964, French president Charles de Gaulle decided to construct a space-travel base in French Guiana.  Other languages spoken include Portuguese, Hakka, Haitian Creole, Spanish, Dutch, English, and Tamil, and Caribbean Hindustani. As a French Overseas department, French Guiana is not a member of the Pan American Sports Organization; rather, athletes compete within the French National Olympic and Sports Committee and are governed by the Ligue d'Athlétisme de la Guyane, a sub-unit of the Fédération française d'athlétisme. As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. French Guiana and the two larger countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as "the Guianas" and constitute one large landmass known as the Guiana Shield. Transavia France wurde im Jahr 2007 gegründet und befindet sich zu 60 % im Besitz von Air France und zu 40 % von Transavia Airlines. During operations as a penal colony beginning in the mid-19th century, France transported approximately 56,000 prisoners to Devil's Island. Réservez un vol Guyane États-Unis Air France, comparez les tarifs des billets d'avion pour les États-Unis au départ de la Guyane. Air Caraibes Vols quotidiens au départ de Paris vers la Martinique et la Guadeloupe. The second largest region of France as it is known, blends modernity and the natural world.  Social unrest in 2017 paralyzed the economy for several weeks and led to an economic recession (−1.9% in real terms), which sunk the GDP per capita that year. It is largely responsible for the rapid population growth of French Guiana. The President of France appoints a prefect (resident at the prefecture building in Cayenne) as his representative to head the local government of French Guiana. Page officielle du quotidien France-Guyane. Sites of Terra preta (anthropogenic soils) have been discovered in French Guiana, particularly near the border with Brazil. Guiana was developed as a slave society, where planters imported Africans as enslaved labourers on large sugar and other plantations in such number as to increase the population. The Guianese General Council officially adopted a departmental flag in 2010. As an integral part of France, its head of state is the President of the French Republic, and its head of government is the Prime Minister of France. Cayenne, la capitale, est un fascinant mélange de cultures, entre France, Brésil, Afrique et Asie. Plus accessible, la réserve naturelle Trésor propose des excursions en bateau avec guide, permettant d’admirer la richesse de la faune et de la flore tropicales. Le Régime Minier aux Colonies, 1902, Vol. French Guiana has some of the poorest soils in the world. French Guiana's main seaport is the port of Dégrad des Cannes, located on the estuary of the Mahury River, in the commune of Remire-Montjoly, a south-eastern suburb of Cayenne. Generally, the Creole population is judged to be about 60–70% of the total population if Haitians (comprising roughly one-third of Creoles) are included, and 30–50% otherwise. Almost all of French Guiana's imports and exports pass through the port of Dégrad des Cannes. Threats to the ecosystem are: habitat fragmentation from roads, which remains very limited compared to other forests of South America; immediate and deferred impacts of EDF's Petit-Saut Dam; gold mining; poor control of hunting and poaching, facilitated by the creation of many tracks; and the introduction of all-terrain vehicles. Les vols tôt le matin ou tard le soir sont souvent également moins chers. Besoin d'inspiration ? This assembly, the French Guiana Assembly (French: assemblée de Guyane), has replaced the former regional council and departmental council, which were both disbanded. Colonel François Müller, the commander of French Guiana's gendarmes, believes these operations have been successful. French Guiana was originally inhabited by indigenous people: Kalina, Arawak, Galibi, Palikur, Teko, Wayampi and Wayana. French Guiana lies between latitudes 3° and 6° N, and longitudes 51° and 55° W. It consists of two main geographical regions: a coastal strip where the majority of the people live, and dense, near-inaccessible rainforest which gradually rises to the modest peaks of the Tumuc-Humac mountains along the Brazilian frontier. France-Guyane, Cayenne. Log In Vol à partir de 369 € A/R*.  A large part of French Guiana's economy derives from jobs and businesses associated with the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, now the European Space Agency's primary launch site near the equator. Starting in 1960, the Tour of Guiana, an annual multiple stage bicycle race, is held. Agence de voyages située à Paris, présente sur Internet depuis 1999 . , Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), Outlying territories of European countries, Please help by moving some material from it into the body of the article. Unemployment has been persistently high in the last few decades: 20% to 25% (22.3% in 2012).  In addition, the Guiana Space Centre has played a significant role in the local economy since it was established in Kourou in 1964: it accounted directly and indirectly for 16% of French Guiana's GDP in 2002 (down from 26% in 1994, as the French Guianese economy is becoming increasingly diversified). Consultez le site : www.franceguyane.fr Rédaction : 0594297010 Service commercial : 0694200668 Arrivée à * Dates de voyage * Voyage professionnel. Estimates of the percentages of French Guiana ethnic composition are difficult to produce due to the presence of a large proportion of immigrants. [...] Auf dem Weg in die Stadt betrat ich kurz den Laden des Chinesen, um Zigaretten zu kaufen. Roughly 14% of the population is of European ancestry. The main Asian communities are the Chinese (about 3–4%, primarily from Zhejiang Province and Guangdong Province in mainland China) and Hmong from Laos (1–2%). Logging remains moderate due to the lack of roads, difficult climate, and difficult terrain. At the 2014 census, 57.3% of the inhabitants of French Guiana were born in French Guiana, 9.3% were born in Metropolitan France, 3.0% were born in the French Caribbean departments and collectivities (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy), and 30.2% were born in foreign countries (primarily Suriname, Brazil and Haiti).. Rechercher les vols . However, after each operation ends, Brazilian miners, garimpeiros [fr], return. In most parts of French Guiana, rainfall is always heavy especially from December to July – typically over 330 millimetres or 13 inches can be expected each month during this period throughout the department.  The Guiana Space Centre employed 1,659 people in 2012. A thriving rice production, developed on polders near Mana from the early 1980s to the late 2000s, has almost completely disappeared since 2011 due to marine erosion and new EU plant health rules which forbid the use of many pesticides and fertilizers. Avec un climat doux toute l’année (mais pluvieux d’avril à aout), visiter la Guyane est un bonheur pour les amateurs d’éco-tourisme et de parcs naturels. La deuxième plus grande région de France mélange éco-tourisme et modernité dans le sillage de son centre spatial. Several small islands are found off the coast, the three Salvation's Islands which include Devil's Island, and the isolated Îles du Connétable bird sanctuary further along the coast towards Brazil. , A border dispute with Brazil arose in the late 19th century over a vast area of jungle, resulting in the short-lived, pro-French, independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Chants Et Danses Traditionnels De France Vol. As of the late 1990s, there was evidence of an uncontacted group of Wayampi. French Guiana has a high level of biodiversity of both flora and fauna. Join Facebook to connect with France Guyane and others you may know.  Located within six degrees of the Equator and rising only to modest elevations, French Guiana is hot and oppressively humid all year round. The main groups living in the interior are the Maroons who are of African descent, and Amerindians. Today they have been replaced by livestock raising (essentially beef cattle and pigs) in the coastal savannas between Cayenne and the second-largest town, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, and market gardening (fruits and vegetables) developed by the Hmong communities settled in French Guiana in the 1970s, both destined to the local market. Air France assure des vols quotidiens vers Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre et Saint-Martin. , On March 20, 2017, French Guianese workers began going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure. Pour les vols internes, en Asie du Sud-Est par exemple, testez des comparateur de vols locaux car les comparateurs de vols européens n'intègrent pas toujours toutes les compagnies low-cost locales. The beaches of the natural reserve of the Amana, the joint Awala-Yalimapo in the west, is an exceptional marine turtle nesting site. . A Data for the four overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and Réunion, not including the new overseas department of Mayotte. The dominant religion of French Guiana is Roman Catholicism; the Maroons and some Amerindian peoples maintain their own religions. 67K likes.  More recently, French Guiana has received large numbers of Brazilian and Haitian economic migrants.  Soon after Operation Harpie Reinforce began, an altercation took place between French authorities and Brazilian miners. DIRECT - Vol TX 570, en provenance de Paris, devrait arriver ce soir avec trois heures de retard, soir à 20 h 30 au lieu de 17 h 10. The Guianese Socialist Party dominated politics in French Guiana until 2010. FRANCE-GUYANE X KEN VYBZ, CHINEE QUEEN & DANA DI BADDEST - Duration: 10 minutes, 26 seconds. The rainforests of French Guiana provide shelter for many species during dry periods and terrestrial glaciation. French Guiana (/ ɡ i ˈ ɑː n ə / or / ɡ i ˈ æ n ə /; French: Guyane) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. Celle des Hattes est aussi le lieu de ponte des imposantes tortues luth, qui y déposent leurs œufs de février à juillet. It was first published in France in 1969, describing his escape from a penal colony there. The Ligue de Football de la Guyane is a member of CONCACAF but not of FIFA, and the French Guiana football team finished third in the 2017 Caribbean Cup. French Guiana also sends two senators to the French Senate. Pour plus d'informations, veuillez consulter la page, Ouverture d'une nouvelle fenêtre mentions légales, Ouverture d'une nouvelle fenêtre gestion des cookies, sont indispensables au bon fonctionnement de nos sites, vous permettent de réserver un billet et d'accéder à votre espace personnel en toute sécurité, ne recueillent aucune information personnelle, Nous permettent d'optimiser nos sites et de détecter d'éventuels problèmes techniques, Nous permettent de recueillir des informations anonymes à propos de vos visites sur nos sites, Ne sont jamais utilisés à des fins commerciales, Enregistrent vos préférences selon vos visites précédentes sur nos sites, Nous permettent de vous fournir des offres pertinentes par e-mail, réseaux sociaux et bannières pubicitaires, Permettent à nos partenaires de vous fournir des offres et publicités selon vos centres d'intérêt. With its space center, it is at the height of modernity but is also a haven for eco-tourism. ), The RSMAG Regiment (Adapted Military Service) of Guyana, located in, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 11:04. Pour les vols internes, en Asie du Sud-Est par exemple, testez des comparateur de vols locaux car les comparateurs de vols européens n'intègrent pas toujours toutes les compagnies low-cost locales. Other groups from Asia include East Indians, Lebanese and Vietnamese. Please read the. The French Government and its agencies have responsibility for a wide range of issues that are reserved to the national executive power, such as defense and external relations. As a part of France, French Guiana is part of the European Union and the Eurozone; its currency is the euro. Port du masque obligatoire, lavage des mains avant et après le vol ou port de gants. During the 1970s, following the French withdrawal from Vietnam in the 1950s and warfare conducted in the region by the United States, France helped resettle thousands of Hmong refugees from Laos to French Guiana. , French Guiana's population of 290,691 (2020 estimate), most of whom live along the coast, is substantially ethnically diverse. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. Vincent Ogier, vingt ans, étudiant parisien en géologie, débarque en Guyane pour y effectuer un stage dans une société d’exploitation aurifère : Cayenor. People of mixed African and French ancestry are the largest ethnic group, though estimates vary as to the exact percentage, depending upon whether the large Haitian community is included as well. The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. Guyane. 65K likes. 10K likes. This is due to the presence of old-growth forests (i.e., ancient/primary forests), which are biodiversity hotspots. The French Guiana Honor Division is the main football club tournament. Garimpeiros returned to retrieve their lost loot and colleagues.  After de Gaulle was elected as president of France, he established the Guiana Space Centre in 1965. A chronic issue affecting French Guiana is the influx of illegal immigrants and clandestine gold prospectors from Brazil and Suriname. During most of the year, rainfall across the country is heavy due to the presence of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and its powerful thunderstorm cells. Er lag auf dem Weg. Between August and November, the eastern half experiences a "dry" season with rainfall below 60 millimetres or 2.36 inches occurring in September and October, causing eastern French Guiana to be classed as a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am); Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni in the west has a tropical rainforest climate (Af). The sentences of the convicts were often long, and the prospect of employment very weak, so the convicts caught butterflies to sell in the international market, both for scientific purposes as well as general collecting. Si vous êtes en Guyane au moment d’un lancement, voir une fusée décoller depuis la jungle est un spectacle inoubliable !Un séjour en Guyane ne serait pas complet sans la découverte de ses superbes plages tropicales ! Half of its 290,691 inhabitants in 2020 lived in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. It is one of only three European Union territories outside Europe that is not an island (the others being the Spanish Autonomous Cities in Africa, Ceuta and Melilla). Consultez le site : www.franceguyane.fr Rédaction : 0594297010 Je m'abonne . In addition, a number of other local languages exist.  Guianan Catholics are part of the Diocese of Cayenne. There was some fighting among settlers. The soil is low in nutrients (e.g., nitrogen, potassium) and organic matter. Le vol TX 571 suivant en partance de Cayenne et à destination de Paris partira lui à 22 h 45 au lieu de 19 h 20. The Guiana Amazonian Park, which is the largest national park in the European Union, covers 41% of French Guiana's territory. Les vols aériens entre Guyane et Mayotte, où la circulation du coronavirus reste active, et le reste du territoire français sont interdits sauf exception, selon un décret publié ce samedi au Journal officiel. La Guyane française est actuellement en retard de 2:00 heures par rapport aux États-Unis (Washington).. Il n’y a pas de passage à l’heure d’été ni de passage à l’heure d’hiver en Guyane française. Guiana officially rallied to Free France in 1943. There are two flights a day to Paris (Orly Airport), served by Air France and Air Caraïbes. As of 2007[update], the Amazonian forest, located in the most remote part of the department, is protected as the Guiana Amazonian Park, one of the ten national parks of France. The bridge was officially opened on March 18, 2017. The French Guiana Assembly is in charge of regional and departmental government. Fewer than 10% survived their sentence.. French Guiana, a piece of France in latin America A land of contrast, french Guiana is a choice destination for those who enjoy nature and exotic scenery. Envie de promotions ?  The inauguration makes it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. Page officielle du quotidien France-Guyane. Agence de voyages; Destinations; Compagnies aériennes; Informations pratiques; 0 892 222 092; Service 100% Made in France . 69K likes. La région compte 6 réserves nationales, dont celle des marais de Kaw-Roura, qu’on rejoint par voie fluviale. Consultez le site : www.franceguyane.fr Rédaction : 0594297010 Service commercial : 0694200668 In addition, in the late nineteenth century, France began requiring forced residencies by prisoners who survived their hard labour. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The addition of the adjective "French" in most languages other than French is rooted in colonial times, when five such colonies (The Guianas) had been named along the coast, subject to differing powers: namely (from west to east) Spanish Guiana (now Guayana Region and Guayana Esequiba in Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá in Brazil). French Guiana sends two deputies to the French National Assembly, one representing the commune (municipality) of Cayenne and the commune of Macouria, and the other representing the rest of French Guiana. Soon afterward the book was adapted for a Hollywood film of the same name. It is now part of the European space industry and has had commercial success with such launches as the Ariane 4 and Ariane 5. Guyana, oficiálním názvem Guyanská kooperativní republika (anglicky Co-operative Republic of Guyana), je stát v Jižní Americe.Jeho sousední státy jsou Brazílie, Surinam a Venezuela.Je jediným státem Commonwealthu na jihoamerické pevnině. , The commander of the French armed forces in French Guiana since July 2009 has been General Jean-Pierre Hestin. However, since the Brazilian government is yet to complete its border posts, only passenger vehicles will be allowed through the bridge for the time being. The department was considered suitable for the purpose because it is near the equator and has extensive access to the ocean as a buffer zone. After French Guiana was established as a penal colony, officials sometimes used convicts to catch butterflies. LESNAH X FRANCE-GUYANE MUSIQUE : Discussion vérit é - … There have been several phases launched by the French government to combat illegal gold mining in French Guiana, beginning with Operation Anaconda beginning in 2003, followed by Operation Harpie in 2008, 2009 and Operation Harpie Reinforce in 2010. Die Flugzeuge sind anhand der Bemalung nicht von den Maschinen der Transavia Airlines zu unterscheiden. French Guiana, as part of France, forms part of the European Union – the largest landmass for an area outside of Europe (since Greenland left the European Community in 1985), with one of the longest EU external boundaries. Occupée dès le XVIIe siècle par les Français, la Guyane a longtemps été utilisée comme une prison. going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure, International Union for Conservation of Nature, European Union territories outside Europe, French National Olympic and Sports Committee, List of colonial and departmental heads of French Guiana, "Estimation de population par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Années 1975 à 2020", "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 2 regions", "Parc amazonien de Guyane, le plus vaste Parc national de France et de l'Union européenne", "Panorama de la population immigrée en Guyane", "Illegal, polluting and dangerous: the gold rush in French Guiana", "The fight against illegal gold mining in French Guiana", "Why one part of South America is facing a total shutdown", https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199730414/obo-9780199730414-0253.xml, "Stirling Research Database, Prof Bill Marshall", "The General Council adopts the Guyanese flag", "Cazeneuve calls for continuation of dialogue in French Guiana", "La Guyane paralysée par les mouvements sociaux", "Guyane : manifestations historiques pour la "journée morte, "Coronavirus : 3 décès en 48h, et 313 nouvelles contaminations indique le Covid info de ce lundi 29 juin", "French Guiana Climate, Average Weather, Temperatures, Rainfall, Sunshine, Humidity, Graphs", "Average Conditions Cayenne, French Guiana", "Portant engagement national pour l'environnement (on national commitment to the environment)", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019 – Gross domestic product per capita, current prices, U.S. dollars", "Le poids du spatial diminue, l'économie de la Guyane se diversifie", "T401 : Taux de chômage localisé au deuxième trimestre par département d'outre-mer", "Les comptes économiques de la Guyane en 2017", "Données harmonisées des recensements de la population 1968–2014", "P3D – Indicateurs généraux de la population par département et région – Séries depuis 1990", "Evolution institutionnelle La Collectivité Territoriale de Guyane", French Guiana: Interview with Colonel Francois Müller, Commander of the Gendarmes, "Ponte entre Brasil e União Europeia é aberta no Amapá após 6 anos pronta", "Comité Régional de Cyclisme de la Guyane", Ex-convict aged 104 claims to be Papillon, Silvolab Guyanae – scientific interest group in French Guiana, French Guiana Travel Guide, Good Addresses and Tips, Officials reports, thesis, scientific papers about French Guiana (en|fr), Training legionnaires to fight in French Guiana, The IRD's database AUBLET2 stores information about botanical specimens collected in the Guianas, mainly in French Guiana. Following the Grenelle Environment Round Table of 2007, the Grenelle Law II was proposed in 2009, under law number 2010–788. The Hmong people are also largely Catholic owing to the influence of missionaries who helped bring them to French Guiana. The Forest Code of French Guiana was modified by ordinance on 28 July 2005. Abonnez-vous à nos communications et recevez des offres personnalisées, des idées de voyages et des informations sur nos nouveaux services. Soil acidity is another cause of the poor soils, and it requires farmers to add lime to their fields. France-Guyane, Cayenne. Les îles du Salut conservent la trace de cette histoire et permettent de visiter le bagne de Guyane. The vast majority of these are of French ancestry, though there are also people of Dutch, British, Spanish and Portuguese ancestry. However, the 1794 decree was only implemented in Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe and Guyane: it was a dead letter in Senegal, Mauritius and Reunion. Gefällt 70.649 Mal. , French Guiana is heavily dependent on mainland France for subsidies, trade, and goods. [not verified in body], During World War II and the fall of France to Nazi German forces, Félix Éboué was one of the first to support General Charles de Gaulle of Free France, as early as June 18, 1940. Vous pouvez à tout moment modifier vos préférences. View the profiles of people named France Guyane. Research is being actively pursued in multiple fields to determine how these enriched soils were historically created, and how this can be done in modern times. France-Guyane was live. VOL À MAIN ARMÉE PAR 5 MINEURS - MATOURY Le 29 septembre 2017, cinq individus dont les visages sont dissimulés, pénètrent dans un libre service. Logging concessions or free transfers are sometimes granted by local authorities to persons traditionally deriving their livelihood from the forest. avant le vol • avant le vol, désinfection systématique au gel hydroalcoolique ou lavage savon des mains du pilote et du passager. The flight time from Cayenne to Paris is 8 hours and 10 minutes, and from Paris to Cayenne it is 8 hours and 30 minutes. Population figures are those recorded in the 2017 census.  In the late 1980s, more than 10,000 Surinamese refugees, mostly Maroons, arrived in French Guiana, fleeing the Surinamese Civil War. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the European Union (EU) have recommended special efforts to protect these areas..  The main traditional industries are fishing (accounting for 5% of exports in 2012), gold mining (accounting for 32% of exports in 2012) and timber (accounting for 1% of exports in 2012). On 12 March 2010 a team of French soldiers and border police were attacked while returning from a successful operation, during which "the soldiers had arrested 15 miners, confiscated three boats, and seized 617 grams of gold... currently worth about $22,317". France-Guyane, Cayenne. An asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne to the Brazilian border. Article 64 proposes a "departmental plan of mining orientation" for French Guiana, which would promote mining (specifically of gold) that is compatible with requirements for environmental protection. , In the late 1970s and early 1980s, several hundred Hmong refugees from Laos immigrated to French Guiana, fleeing displacement after the communist takeover of Laos by Pathet Lao in 1975. 1: Documents Officiels Précédés de Notices Historiques; Indes Orientales Néerlandaises, Suriname, Guyane Française, Gunyane Britannique (Classic Reprint) | Institut Colonial International | ISBN: 9780282615093 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. (Its population is less than 1⁄200 that of Metropolitan France.) Air France utilise des cookies pour assurer le bon fonctionnement et la sécurité de nos sites. The French attempted to create a colony there in the 18th century in conjunction with its settlement of some Caribbean islands, such as Guadeloupe and Saint-Domingue. There are many rivers in French Guiana, including the Waki River. , There is very little manufacturing. Fully integrated[according to whom?] in the French central state in the 21st century, French Guiana is a part of the European Union, and its official currency is the euro. En cliquant sur Accepter, vous consentez à l'utilisation de ces cookies. The official language of French Guiana is French, and it is the predominant language of the department, spoken by most residents as a first or second language. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but France did not establish a durable presence until colonists founded Cayenne in 1643. Ils nous permettent de vous proposer la meilleure expérience possible. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. Regional languages include French Guianese Creole (not to be confused with Guyanese Creole), six Amerindian languages (Arawak, Palijur, Kali'na, Wayana, Wayampi, Emerillon), four Maroon creole languages (Saramaka, Paramaccan, Aluku, Ndyuka), as well as Hmong Njua.
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