Education in Paris and the Île-de-France region employs approximately 330,000 people, 170,000 of whom are teachers and professors teaching approximately 2.9 million children and students in around 9,000 primary, secondary, and higher education schools and institutions. Aides et services en ligne sur le site du Conseil Départemental. [307] From then on, the new reservoir system became Paris' principal source of drinking water, and the remains of the old system, pumped into lower levels of the same reservoirs, were from then on used for the cleaning of Paris' streets. [247] Django Reinhardt rose to fame in Paris, having moved to the 18th arrondissement in a caravan as a young boy, and performed with violinist Stéphane Grappelli and their Quintette du Hot Club de France in the 1930s and 1940s. The Sainte-Geneviève Library is in 5th arrondissement; designed by Henri Labrouste and built in the mid-1800s, it contains a rare book and manuscript division. The Paris Region is France's leading region for economic activity, with a GDP of €681 billion (~US$850 billion) and €56,000 (~US$70,000) per capita. [258], Parisians tend to share the same movie-going trends as many of the world's global cities, with cinemas primarily dominated by Hollywood-generated film entertainment. [99] The metropolitan area of the city is 2,300 km2 (890 sq mi). Paris averages 1.9 people per residence, a number that has remained constant since the 1980s, but it is much less than Île-de-France's 2.33 person-per-residence average. [167] City-influenced commuter activity reaches well beyond even this in a statistical aire urbaine de Paris ("urban area", but a statistical method comparable to a metropolitan area[168]), that had a 2017 population of 12,628,266,[169] a number 19% the population of France,[170] and the largest metropolitan area in the Eurozone. No – Was It Before? Département de Paris (75) POP T5 - Population de 15 ans ou plus selon la catégorie socioprofessionnelle - [80], Most of the postwar's Presidents of the Fifth Republic wanted to leave their own monuments in Paris; President Georges Pompidou started the Centre Georges Pompidou (1977), Valéry Giscard d'Estaing began the Musée d'Orsay (1986); President François Mitterrand, in power for 14 years, built the Opéra Bastille (1985–1989), the new site of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (1996), the Arche de la Défense (1985–1989), and the Louvre Pyramid with its underground courtyard (1983–1989); Jacques Chirac (2006), the Musée du quai Branly. Paris was in its artistic prime in the 19th century and early 20th century, when it had a colony of artists established in the city and in art schools associated with some of the finest painters of the times: Édouard Manet, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Paul Gauguin, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and others. Two UEFA Champions League Finals in the current century have also been played in the Stade de France: the 2000 and 2006 editions. The city sometimes sees light snow or flurries with or without accumulation. According to the same census, three departments bordering Paris, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne, had population densities of over 10,000 people per square kilometre, ranking among the 10 most densely populated areas of the EU. To demonstrate that the city was safe from attack, the king had the city walls demolished and replaced with tree-lined boulevards that would become the Grands Boulevards of today. [71][72] On 25 August 1944, the city was liberated by the French 2nd Armoured Division and the 4th Infantry Division of the United States Army. As a result, Paris has acquired a reputation as the "City of Art". [237] Another of Victor Hugo's works, Les Misérables, written while he was in exile outside France during the Second Empire, described the social change and political turmoil in Paris in the early 1830s. Covid-19 : les mesures prises par la Ville. The city is also the most important hub of France's motorway network, and is surrounded by three orbital freeways: the Périphérique,[98] which follows the approximate path of 19th-century fortifications around Paris, the A86 motorway in the inner suburbs, and finally the Francilienne motorway in the outer suburbs. Other landmarks are laid out east to west along the historical axis of Paris, which runs from the Louvre through the Tuileries Garden, the Luxor Column in the Place de la Concorde, and the Arc de Triomphe, to the Grande Arche of La Défense. The company paid the city government 7.3 million euros in 2016. [16] Alfred Holder interpreted Parisii as 'the makers' or 'the commanders', by comparing the name to the Welsh peryff ('lord, commander'), from paraf - peri ('to make, produce, command to be done'). Striking examples of 20th-century architecture include the Centre Georges Pompidou by Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano (1977), the Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie by various architects (1986), the Arab World Institute by Jean Nouvel (1987), the Louvre Pyramid by I. M. Pei (1989) and the Opéra Bastille by Carlos Ott (1989). In 2018, of the 27 Michelin three-star restaurants in France, ten are located in Paris. The French Revolution and political and social change in France had a profound influence on art in the capital. Urbanisme.Le C40 Cities, réseau mondial des grandes métropoles engagées dans la lutte contre le changement climatique, la Ville de Paris et 17 métropoles internationales lancent «Students Reinventing Cities», un appel à projets international invitant les étudiants et les universitaires du monde entier à réinventer les quartiers de leur ville. Between 1853 and 1870, Emperor Napoleon III and the city's first director of parks and gardens, Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand, created the Bois de Boulogne, Bois de Vincennes, Parc Montsouris and Parc des Buttes-Chaumont, located at the four points of the compass around the city, as well as many smaller parks, squares and gardens in the Paris's quarters. [117] This ensures that the winning party or coalition always wins a majority of the seats, even if they don't win an absolute majority of the vote. Paris' urbanism laws have been under strict control since the early 17th century,[142] particularly where street-front alignment, building height and building distribution is concerned. [221], For centuries, Paris has attracted artists from around the world, who arrive in the city to educate themselves and to seek inspiration from its vast pool of artistic resources and galleries. The Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) operates public libraries in Paris, among them the François Mitterrand Library, Richelieu Library, Louvois, Opéra Library, and Arsenal Library. Page d'accueil du Département de Philosophie (UFR LL-PHI) Université Université Paris Nanterre - Nanterre. [12] Its treasures include the Mona Lisa (La Joconde), the Venus de Milo statue, Liberty Leading the People. [171][verification needed], According to the 2012 French census, 586,163 residents of the City of Paris, or 26.2 percent, and 2,782,834 residents of the Paris Region (Île-de-France), or 23.4 percent, were born outside of metropolitan France (the last figure up from 22.4% at the 2007 census). The National Institute of Sport and Physical Education, located in the 12th arrondissement, is both a physical education institute and high-level training centre for elite athletes. [145] The total number of residences in the City of Paris in 2011 was 1,356,074, up from a former high of 1,334,815 in 2006. [8][9] Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily;[10] it is the second busiest metro system in Europe after the Moscow Metro. Aller au contenu principal Contactez-nous au 0262 90 30 30, du lundi au ... Antenne de Paris actu' Dispositif Accompagnement de malades à Paris - 2020 [281] Other academic libraries include Interuniversity Pharmaceutical Library, Leonardo da Vinci University Library, Paris School of Mines Library, and the René Descartes University Library.[282]. [79] A suburban railway network, the RER (Réseau Express Régional), was built to complement the Métro, and the Périphérique expressway encircling the city, was completed in 1973. [5] Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.[6][7]. [147] Two-thirds of the city's 1.3 million residences are studio and two-room apartments. Paris' 2015 at-census unemployment rate was 12.2%,[198] and in the first trimester of 2018, its ILO-critera unemployment rate was 7.1 percent. The President of the French Republic resides at the Élysée Palace in the 8th arrondissement,[126] while the Prime Minister's seat is at the Hôtel Matignon in the 7th arrondissement. They introduced Parisians to the music of Claude Luter, Boris Vian, Sydney Bechet, Mezz Mezzrow, and Henri Salvador. Paris was central to the development of Romanticism in art, with painters such as Gericault. Vans of CRS agents are frequently seen in the centre of the city when there are demonstrations and public events. Some 29 km (18 mi) of specially marked bus lanes are free to be used by cyclists, with a protective barrier protecting against encroachments from vehicles. The 19th century produced the neoclassical church of La Madeleine (1808–1842), the Palais Garnier serving as an opera house (1875), the neo-Byzantine Basilica of Sacré-Cœur (1875–1919), as well as the exuberant Belle Époque modernism of the Eiffel Tower (1889). During the Roman era, the city's main cemetery was located to the outskirts of the left bank settlement, but this changed with the rise of Catholic Christianity, where most every inner-city church had adjoining burial grounds for use by their parishes. [31] As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born. [309] The project was abandoned in 2002 for a new and better enforced local law, under the terms of which dog owners can be fined up to €500 for not removing their dog faeces. Paris became a major centre for jazz and still attracts jazz musicians from all around the world to its clubs and cafés. According to the INSEE, between 4 and 5 million French residents were born or had at least one parent born in a predominantly Muslim country, particularly Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. Region Île-de-France mit dem 75. [287] Another top-level professional team, Nanterre 92, plays in Nanterre. [14] Under French law, renters of these units must pay the Paris tourism tax. Its distribution varies widely throughout the city, from 2.6 percent of the housing in the wealthy 7th arrondissement, to 24 percent in the 20th arrondissement, 26 percent in the 14th arrondissement and 39.9 percent in the 19th arrondissement, on the poorer southwest and northern edges of the city. The Court of Cassation, the highest court in the judicial order, which reviews criminal and civil cases, is located in the Palais de Justice on the Île de la Cité,[132] while the Conseil d'État, which provides legal advice to the executive and acts as the highest court in the administrative order, judging litigation against public bodies, is located in the Palais-Royal in the 1st arrondissement. [335], Since 9 April 1956, Paris is exclusively and reciprocally twinned only with:[336][337], Paris has agreements of friendship and co-operation with:[336], This article is about the capital of France. [291] Five new light rail lines are currently in various stages of development.[293]. [217] In the Paris region, Disneyland Paris, in Marne-la-Vallée, 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of the centre of Paris, received 9.66 million visitors in 2017. [51], Louis XVI and the royal family were brought to Paris and made prisoners within the Tuileries Palace. Romantic-era composers (in Paris) include Hector Berlioz (La Symphonie fantastique), Charles Gounod (Faust), Camille Saint-Saëns (Samson et Delilah), Léo Delibes (Lakmé) and Jules Massenet (Thaïs), among others. The first independent Paris Commune, or city council, met in the Hôtel de Ville and, on 15 July, elected a Mayor, the astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly. [14] The Orsay displays French art of the 19th century, including major collections of the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists. Beginning with the Paris Exposition of 1867; it became a popular kind of restaurant which featured beer and other beverages served by young women in the national costume associated with the beverage, particular German costumes for beer. Real bistros are increasingly rare in Paris, due to rising costs, competition from cheaper ethnic restaurants, and different eating habits of Parisian diners. The upper house, the Senate, meets in the Palais du Luxembourg in the 6th arrondissement, while the more important lower house, the Assemblée Nationale, meets in the Palais Bourbon in the 7th arrondissement. CASSIUS - Type d’annonce légale : Transfert de siège social même département – Date de publication : 02/12/2020 18:47:03 – Département : Paris - Le Parisien The most expensive residential streets in Paris in 2018 by average price per square meter were Avenue Montaigne (8th arrondissement), at 22,372 Euros per square meter; Place Dauphine (1st arrondissement; 20,373 euros) and Rue de Furstemberg (6th arrondissement) at 18,839 Euros per square meter. Run by the Government of France, it performs mostly French classics at the Salle Richelieu in the Palais-Royal at 2 rue de Richelieu, next to the Louvre. Troubadours, from the south of France, were also popular. It was highly controversial, and it remains the only building in the centre of the city over 32 storeys high. Bertrand Delanoë also transformed a section of the highway along the Left Bank of the Seine into an urban promenade and park, the Promenade des Berges de la Seine, which he inaugurated in June 2013. [55] These include piste cyclable (bike lanes separated from other traffic by physical barriers such as a kerb) and bande cyclable (a bicycle lane denoted by a painted path on the road). [228] The National Museum of Natural History located near the Jardin des plantes attracted two million visitors in 2018. The mayor is Anne Hidalgo, a socialist, first elected 5 April 2014[114] and re-elected 28 June 2020. The Sorbonne Library in the 5th arrondissement is the largest university library in Paris. Il s’étale sur une superficie de 105 km2 pour une population de 2 220 445 habitants. This music became popular during the 1980s. Over €26.5 billion will be invested over the next 15 years to extend the Métro network into the suburbs,[291] with notably the Grand Paris Express project. [317] One of the newest parks, the Promenade des Berges de la Seine (2013), built on a former highway on the left bank of the Seine between the Pont de l'Alma and the Musée d'Orsay, has floating gardens and gives a view of the city's landmarks. A half dozen music halls exist today in Paris, attended mostly by visitors to the city.[235]. The council is composed of 163 members, with each arrondissement allocated a number of seats dependent upon its population, from 10 members for each of the least-populated arrondissements (1st through 9th) to 34 members for the most populated (the 15th). [120], The Métropole du Grand Paris, or simply Grand Paris, formally came into existence on 1 January 2016. [333] Radio France, France's public radio broadcaster, and its various channels, is headquartered in Paris' 16th arrondissement. Later, most of the largest cinemas were divided into multiple, smaller rooms. By 2020 its basic competencies will include urban planning, housing and protection of the environment. [252] On 19 December 2015, Paris and other worldwide fans commemorated the 100th anniversary of the birth of Edith Piaf—a cabaret singer-songwriter and actress who became widely regarded as France's national chanteuse, as well as being one of France's greatest international stars. The Carnaval de Paris, one of the oldest festivals in Paris, dates back to the Middle Ages. It was highly visible because of its large red imitation windmill on its roof, and became the birthplace of the dance known as the French Cancan. Paris is also the home of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). [232] Philharmonie de Paris, the modern symphonic concert hall of Paris, opened in January 2015. In spite of Henry IV's efforts to improve city circulation, the narrowness of Paris' streets was a contributing factor in his assassination near Les Halles marketplace in 1610. [27] The Roman town was originally called Lutetia (more fully, Lutetia Parisiorum, "Lutetia of the Parisii", modern French Lutèce). Vendredi 27 novembre, le prefet de la Seine-Maritime alerte sur un épisode de pollution. None of the children came back. A luxury restaurant, La Taverne Anglaise, opened in 1786 in the arcades of the Palais-Royal by Antoine Beauvilliers; it featured an elegant dining room, an extensive menu, linen tablecloths, a large wine list and well-trained waiters; it became a model for future Paris restaurants. [30], Clovis the Frank, the first king of the Merovingian dynasty, made the city his capital from 508. No, Not At All – Here's Why", "Hanoi strengthens ties with Ile-de-France", "Les contours d'une population susceptible d'être musulmane d'après la filiation", Musée de Cluny – Musée national du Moyen Âge, Institutional seats of the European Union, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paris&oldid=994546620, Populated places established in the 3rd century BC, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Weather Atlas (percent sunshine and UV Index), This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 07:46. L'ordonnance n° 2018-74 du 8 février 2018, portant diverses mesures institutionnelles, précise que la Ville de Paris est substituée à la commune et au département de Paris pour tous les établissements dont l'une de ces collectivités était membre, sans que la nature juridique de ces derniers doive évoluer. The Metropole covers 814 square kilometres (314 square miles) and has a population of 6.945 million persons. Another district, including Boulogne-Billancourt, Issy-les-Moulineaux and the southern part of the 15th arrondissement, is a centre of activity for the media and information technology.[189]. The Musée de l'Orangerie, near both the Louvre and the Orsay, also exhibits Impressionists and Post-Impressionists, including most of Claude Monet's large Water Lilies murals. [136] The national police has its own special unit for riot control and crowd control and security of public buildings, called the Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité (CRS), a unit formed in 1944 right after the liberation of France. In addition, the Paris region is served by a light rail network of nine lines, the tramway: Line T1 runs from Asnières-Gennevilliers to Noisy-le-Sec, Line T2 runs from Pont de Bezons to Porte de Versailles, Line T3a runs from Pont du Garigliano to Porte de Vincennes, Line T3b runs from Porte de Vincennes to Porte d'Asnières, Line T5 runs from Saint-Denis to Garges-Sarcelles, Line T6 runs from Châtillon to Viroflay, Line T7 runs from Villejuif to Athis-Mons, Line T8 runs from Saint-Denis to Épinay-sur-Seine and Villetaneuse, all of which are operated by the RATP Group,[292] and line T4 runs from Bondy RER to Aulnay-sous-Bois, which is operated by the state rail carrier SNCF.

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